Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is a common cause of leg pain and swelling, and is commonly associated with varicose veins.
The cause of CVI is related either to poorly functioning vein valves or blockage in the veins. Varicose veins are hereditary most of the time and generally occur in several members of the same family.
When varicose veins are associated with CVI, the most common sign is ankle and foot swelling that progress up the lower leg. Other skin changes in the lower leg that commonly occur include discoloration, eczema, scarring or hard, thickened skin and ulceration. When symptoms are present the most common are heaviness or fullness, aching, restlessness, tiredness, fatigue, pain, throbbing, burning, itching and muscle cramping.
The most important factors leading to the development of chronic venous insufficiency and varicose veins include:
The most accurate and detailed test, however, is a venous duplex ultrasound exam. This provides an ultra-sound image or picture of the vein so that any blockage caused by blood clots or improper vein valve function can be detected.
The treatment of CVI involves both medical and surgical treatments:
· Chronic Venous Insufficiency: What is it? https://vascularcures.org/chronic-venous-insufficiency/
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